Now a vast, arid bowl with almost no trees, Lake Mungo was once teeming with fish and surrounded by lush vegetation. The area was home to
giant kangaroos, wombats and Tasmanian tigers. The area is now a moonscape of carved sand dunes, hardened into spectacular crescent shaped walls of sand, such as the 33km long "Walls of China" (above
right). It is an archaeological site of world significance since ancient human remains were discovered in the late 1960's - a young woman, estimated to be 40,000 years old, who had been burnt and buried in
the world's earliest known cremation ceremony.