Extending the length of the country and as far inland as 112 miles (180 km), the coast's humidity and warmth give the region incredible diversity
and fertility. Plantations of African Palms, bananas, rice, coffee, and the native Cacao (chocolate bean) extend along the fertile inland regions. Mangrove swamps inhabit river estuaries,
providing important habitat for many land and marine wildlife. Once abundant, the mangroves now suffer intense deforestation due to agriculture and shrimp farming. National parks and reserves
protect many of the remaining coastal dry and humid tropical forests that still exist in the region.