Tasmania, separated from the mainland of Australia by the Bass Strait, is Australia's smallest state and is about the size of the
Republic of Ireland and twice the size of Switzerland. The population of around 472,000 is split between the south and the north. The capital city, Hobart, is in the south and has
195,500 people. Launceston, in the north, has a population of 98,500. The state also includes King Island and Flinders Island.