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Steve and Sally flew into St. John's, the lively old seaport town and the provincial capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, and spent three nights there.  The city was founded in 1583 by royal charter of Elizabeth I.  The city is located on the eastern tip of the island on the Avalon Peninsula.  

Steve took this photo of St. John's from Signal Hill National Historic Site with Holland America's Eurodam in port.  Signal Hill was the site of harbour defences for St. John's from the 18th century to World War II.

Row houses in St. John's.  St John's bills itself as the "City of Legends" and  St. John's is the oldest city in North America.  

Chabot Tower on Signal Hill is the most important structure in St. John's.  Here the British defeated France in the Battle of Signal Hill in 1762.  This was the final battle of the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War)  in North America  for the possession of Newfoundland.  It is also where Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic wireless signal in 1901.

Sally and Steve  are standing at Cape Spear National Historic Site of Canada, the most easterly point of land in North America.    Located outside of St. John's , the park is the home  to the Cape Spear lighthouse, the oldest surviving lighthouse in Newfoundland and Labrador.  It was built in 1836 and today it has been refurbished as a light keeper's residence that you can tour.   During World War II, Cape Spear hosted a coastal defense battery to protect the Newfoundland coast and North America from German submarines.

Sally with a Grand Banks dory.   The Grand Banks is one of the richest fishing grounds in the world.  Located off the southeast coast of Newfoundland on the North American continental shelf, they are  a series of underwater plateaus where animal and plant life abound.  This is where the cold Labrador Current mixes with the warm waters of the Gulf Stream and create an underwater environment full of nutrients which attracts cod, haddock, capelin, scallops and lobster plus many sea birds.   

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